Tingmissartoq

index of sculptures 1988 to 2023

Tingmissartoq

2013
Bas-relief in salvaged wood #97, 110 x 105 x 15cm.
Collection Verre Bergen, Rotterdam, Netherlands.



Tingmissartoq

In 1931 an Inuit boy in Gothaab, Greenland was confronted with a Lockheed Sirius Model 8 airplane, a monoplane outfitted with floats so it could land almost anywhere. He named it Tingmissartoq, ‘one who flies like a big bird’. The plane was piloted by Charles Lindbergh and his wife Anne Morrow Lindbergh.
It was only 4 years since Lindbergh had become famous for flying the Spirit of St. Louis non-stop from New York to Paris, but in the meantime aviation had made huge progress. It was now clear that the future lay in large scale passenger aviation, although political and industrial powers would have to be brought on board. Factories and airfields were needed and the maps of the world had to be redrawn to show flyable air routes and not only information for water and land navigation. In 1931 and 1933 Lindbergh and his wife took it upon themselves to connect the dots in two world tours, meeting the wealthy and powerful wherever they went and spreading the gospel.
(source: wikipedia.org/wiki/Tingmissartoq


Image 1 : The Tingmissartoq Name.
Photo by Eric Long, Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution
(source: pioneersofflight.si.edu)
Image 2 : Route map created by Charles and Anne Morrow Lindbergh after their flight.
(source: timeandnavigation.si.edu)
Image 3 : The Lindberghs take of for Geneva after a visit to Rotterdam Waalhaven [1933]
(source: Kees van Dongen Waalhavenverzameling)





The age of discovery:


Space Probe

index of sculptures 1988 to 2023

Space Probe (Voyager 1)

2011
Bas-relief in salvaged wood #77, 750 x 240 x 16 cm.
Private collection, Rotterdam, Netherlands.



Voyager 1

Voyager 1 is a space probe launched by NASA on September 5th 1977 to study the outer Solar System. It has now been operating for over 38 years, communicating with the Deep Space Network to receive routine commands and return data. It is the furthest man made object from Earth. NASA announced on August 25th 2012 that Voyager 1 had crossed the heliopause and entered interstellar space. Its present velocity is about 520 million kilometers per year. Voyager 1 is expected to continue its mission until 2025 when its generators will no longer supply enough power for its instruments.
(source: wikipedia.org/wiki/Voyager_1

Top image: Interstellar Envelope. This gold aluminum cover was designed to protect the Voyager 1 and 2 “Sounds of Earth” gold-plated records from micrometeorite bombardment, but also serves a double purpose in providing the finder a key to playing the record. The explanatory diagram appears on both the inner and outer surfaces of the cover, as the outer diagram will be eroded in time.

Flying aboard Voyagers 1 and 2 are identical records, carrying the story of Earth far into deep space. The 12-inch gold-plated copper discs contain greetings in 60 languages, samples of music from different cultures and eras and natural and man-made sounds from Earth. They also contain electronic information that an advanced technological civilization could convert into diagrams and images.
(source: nasa.gov/…/image_feature_631)

Sounds of the Earth
(source: voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/spacecraft/sounds)

Music of The Spheres

Volcanoes, Earthquake, Thunder

Mud Pots

Wind, Rain, Surf

Crickets, Frogs

Birds, Hyena, Elephant

Chimpanzee

Wild Dog

Footsteps, Heartbeat, Laughter

Fire, Speech

The First Tools

Tame Dog

Herding Sheep, Blacksmith, Sawing

Tractor, Riveter

Morse Code, Ships

Horse and Cart

Train

Tractor, Bus, Auto

F-111 Flyby, Saturn 5 Lift-off

Kiss, Mother and Child

Life Signs, Pulsar





Raw Footage of Jupiter from Voyager 1 (1979).





More ‘space junk’:


KO Valkyrie

index of sculptures 1988 to 2023

KO Valkyrie

2010
Bas-relief in salvaged wood #67, 212 x 130 x 15cm.
Collection Jos Dirkse, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Ride of the Valkyrs. This Image was applied to the back of KO Valkyrie.
Image source: Myths of the Norsemen from the Eddas and Sagas 1909.
archive.org/details/mythsofthenorsem00gueruoft

Valkyrie

In Norse mythology, a valkyrie (from Old Norse valkyrja ‘chooser of the slain’) is one of a host of female figures who choose those who may die in battle and those who may live. The Valkyries bring their chosen warriors to the afterlife hall of the slain, Valhalla, ruled over by the god Odin.
(source: wikipedia.org/wiki/Valkyrie)

Transformers is an entertainment franchise co-produced by the Japanese Takara Tomy and the American Hasbro toy companies. Initially developed as a brand by Hasbro, and consisting of renamed, rebranded transforming toys from Takara’s Diaclone and Microman toylines, the franchise began in 1984 with the Transformer toys. The backstory centers around factions of transforming alien robots (often the Autobots and the Decepticons) in an endless struggle for dominance or eventual peace.
(source: wikipedia.org/wiki/Transformers)


Metrotitan.
One of many source images found on a blog specializing in cheap ripoff (Knock off = K.O.) Transformer figurines:  My KO Transformers & Etc





Part of the Edge of Space exhibition in 2012 at Ron Mandos gallery, Amsterdam.


727

index of sculptures 1988 to 2023

727

2008
Bas-relief in salvaged wood #49, 310 x 140 x 16cm.
West Collection, Oaks, Pennsylvania, United States.

The bas relief was based on a postcard showing a test flight of the Boeing 727.






Part of the Motor Memory presentation in 2008 at OkOk gallery in Seattle, WA, USA.


Ørnen

index of sculptures 1988 to 2023

Ørnen (The Eagle)

2007
Bas-relief in salvaged wood #44, 120 x 170 x 16cm.
Collection of Van Der Ende Steel Protection Innovators, Barendrecht, Netherlands.

Ørnen was a hydrogen balloon used in S. A. Andrée’s ill fated Arctic Expedition of 1897

S. A. Andrée and Knut Frænkel with the crashed balloon on the pack ice, photographed by the third expedition member, Nils Strindberg. The exposed film for this photograph and others from the failed 1897 expedition was recovered in 1930.
(source: wikipedia.org/… Expedition_of_1897)

Ørnen (The Eagle)

The Ørnen was a hydrogen balloon built for S.A. Andrée’s Arctic balloon expedition of 1897, which aimed to be the first to visit the North Pole. Although balloon technology was already a hundred years old it was still largely experimental.
The three-layer silk balloon 20.5 meters in diameter was built by Henri Lachambre in Paris, then known as the ‘world capital of ballooning’. It was fitted with a sail which, combined with drag ropes, Andrée claimed would make the balloon steerable. This technique had never been proved in practice and, like the many questionable assumptions of the expedition, was only accepted by dint of Andrée’s copious enthusiasm and eloquence. The hope of the expedition was to restore Sweden’s reputation as a leading player in Arctic exploration, no matter what.

Support was abundant with money pouring in from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, King Oscar II and Alfred Nobel. Andrée had sold the press rights to the Aftonbladet newspaper, and it was later said that the funding that Andrée had received made it harder for him to take a realistic stance towards the ill-conceived aspects of his expedition. The expedition’s balloon hangar and hydrogen production plant were installed on the island of Svalbard in 1896, but unfavorable winds prevented them from undertaking a first attempt that year. Nils Gustaf Ekholm, the only expedition member with any real Arctic experience, left the crew because he calculated that Ørnen would not stay airborne long enough to carry them to the North Pole and then on to ‘the safety of Canada, Alaska or Russia’. Andrée’s self-deception became clear when, on the boat back from Svalbard, Ekholm learned from the chief engineer of the hydrogen plant that Andrée had from time to time covertly topped up the hydrogen while they were testing the balloon for leakage.

The success or failure of Arctic exploration had always depended greatly on using proven survival methods of the indigenous peoples of the Polar regions. But Andrée, a devout believer in ‘scientific superiority’, would have none of this and set out with clothing and sledges of his own – untested – designs.
Nils Strindberg, Knut Frænkel and S.A. Andrée arrived on Svalbard in the summer of 1897 and proceeded to prepare their balloon, loading it with scientific equipment, advanced cameras for aerial photography, provisions for four months, and ballast bringing the total weight to about 3,000 kg. The sleeping berths for the crew were fitted to the floor of the basket. The highly flammable hydrogen meant that cooking could not be done in the basket itself; instead, a modified primus stove was dangled 8m below the basket and lit remotely with the aid of an angled mirror.
On July 11 1897, in a steady wind from the south-west, the roof of the plank-built hangar was dismantled and the three explorers climbed into the basket. Andrée dictated a last-minute telegram to King Oscar and another to Aftonbladet. The mooring ropes were cut and the balloon rose slowly from the hangar and out towards the sea. The drag ropes, several hundred meters long, once wet, pulled the balloon down with a risk of crashing into the sea. After an initial dip the ropes became detached leaving the balloon without its experimental steering provision. The crew had meanwhile thrown out some ballast which, together with the loss of the heavy ropes, reduced the balloon’s weight by about 740 kg. They now rose to a height of 700 m where the lesser air pressure only accelerated the leakage of hydrogen. But they were on their way, and the baffled ground crew and assembled press watched the Ørnen drift slowly out of sight.

Nothing more was heard of the expedition, and their fate remained a matter of speculation and legend until 33 years later when their remains were discovered on Kvitøya Island. The truth of what had happened emerged from their journals and from undeveloped photographs that were found. The balloon had crashed on the pack ice after only two days. The explorers were uninjured but faced a grueling homeward trek south across the drifting ice. They set out on their long, arduous march, only to realize weeks later that the ice had been moving so quickly in the opposite direction that they had in effect traveled backwards. Inadequately clothed and equipped, inexperienced, daunted by the difficulty of the terrain, and with the Arctic winter closing in on them, the group finally washed up on the deserted island of Kvitøya in October and perished there.
(source: wikipedia.org/… Andrée)

Henri Lachambre’s balloon workshop in Paris.
(source)

The station at Spitsbergen, from a photochrom print at the end of the 19th century.
(source)

The Eagle sailing North.





The age of discovery:


Endeavor

index of sculptures 1988 to 2023

Endeavor (Apollo15)

2006
Bas-relief in salvaged wood #34, 70 x 185 x 14cm.
Private collection, Rotterdam, Netherlands.





More ‘space junk’:


Vostok

Vostok

2006
Bas-relief in salvaged wood #33, 130 x 130 x 14cm.
Private collection, Wassenaar, Netherlands.

About Vostok

Vostok / Восток was a series of space craft built by the Soviet Union. Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space on April 12th 1961 in Vostok-1. The Vostok program carried eight men into space until it was replaced in the late sixties by Soyuz. Amazingly, Soyuz spacecraft are still in use today 45 years later.
(source: http://wikipedia.org/wiki/Vostok_1 )

Юрий Гагарин/ Первый из первых ч 1





More ‘space junk’:


Sputnik

index of sculptures 1988 to 2023

Sputnik

2006
Bas-relief in salvaged wood #32, 230 x 200 x 18cm.
Concordia Collection, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Laika / Лайка (1969)


About Sputnik

Sputnik-1 / Спу́тник-1 was the first man made satellite. The 58 cm (23”) diameter polished metal sphere beset with four external antennas was launched into orbit on October 4th 1957. It could be seen and its radio pulses could be heard all over the world. The Russians’ unexpected space-tech savvy triggered the Space Race and set in motion a whole range of technological and scientific development. Traveling at over 8 kilometers a second, Sputnik-1 took 96.2 minutes for each orbit. It continued to transmit its bleep-bleep signal until its batteries ran out on October 26th. By the time it fell from orbit three months after launch, it had traveled about 70 million kilometers.
(source: wikipedia.org/wiki/Sputnik)

The first living creature to orbit the Earth was a stray dog from the streets of Moscow named Laika. The mongrel was trained with two other dogs, and was eventually selected to occupy the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 that was launched into space on November 3, 1957. There was no chance of surviving the trip because the technology to de-orbit had not been developed yet. The purpose of the experiment was to see if humans could possibly endure the extreme force of being shot into space and if they could function in weightlessness.
(source: wikipedia.org/wiki/Laika


Спутник-2. Лайка.





More ‘space junk’:


Lunar Orbiter

index of sculptures 1988 to 2023

Lunar Orbiter

2006
Bas-relief in salvaged wood #31, 120 x 121 x 12cm.
Collection of Jeroen Princen, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Apollo 11 bootprint (1969). photo by NASA.
‘One of the first steps taken on the Moon, this is an image of Buzz Aldrin’s bootprint from the Apollo 11 mission. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin walked on the Moon on July 20, 1969.’
(source: grin.hq.nasa.gov/…GPN-2001-000014)

About Apollo 11

Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong became the first humans to walk on the Moon in 1969. Much of the mission was broadcast live on television and was followed by millions at home. Apollo 11 launched from Cape Kennedy at 13:32:00 ut on July 16, 1969 and left Earth orbit after 2 hr and 33 minutes. They reached lunar orbit at 75 hr 50 minutes Ground-Elapsed-Time (GET). At 80:12 get, the service module propulsion system was fired to correct the orbit, each orbit now taking two hours. At 100:14 GET the Lunar Module was undocked after a full systems check. They fired the Lunar Module descent engine at 101:36 get and the ‘Eagle’ landed at 102:45 get.
The first action on landing was to prepare the Lunar Module for launch. They had a meal, but a scheduled nap was postponed at the astronauts’ request. At 109:24:19 GET Neil Armstrong took his first step on the moon. The astronauts then carried out their planned program of activities. They deployed the Solar-Wind- Composition experiment and collected a huge amount of lunar material. They took panoramic photographs of the region and closeups of lunar surface material. They deployed the Laser-Ranging-Retroreflector and the Passive-Seismic-Experiment-Package and collected two core-tube samples of the lunar surface. After about 2h 15mins of lunar surface activities the astronauts reentered the Lunar Module and took some sleep.
Ascent began at 124:22 GET after which they re-docked with the command spacecraft Columbia, which was piloted by the third member of the mission Michael Collins. Trans-earth coast needed only one of four planned midcourse corrections. The Command Module reentered the Earth’s atmosphere at a velocity of 36,194 feet per second (11,032 meters per second) and landed in the Pacific Ocean, where the astronauts were picked up by the recovery ship USS Hornet.
(source: NASA SP-214, Preliminary Science Report


Apollo 11 Saturn V Launch Camera E-8



Apollo11: Lunar Landing July 20, 1969





More ‘space junk’:


Pod

index of sculptures 1988 to 2023

Pod (Apollo space capsule)

2005
Bas-relief in salvaged wood #30, 105 x 100 x 10cm.
Concordia Collection, Rotterdam, Netherlands.





More ‘space junk’:


Tin Can

index of sculptures 1988 to 2023

Tin Can (Friendship7)

2005
Bas-relief in salvaged wood #29, 110 x 70 x 10cm.
Concordia Collection, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Tin Can was the first space themed bas-relief and the first relief to be fitted with a large image on the back. The reason for this was that the work was intended for ‘de Aanschouw’ gallery, a display built into the facade of the Aanschouw cafe in Rotterdam that had hosted more then a thousand mini exhibitions until it closed in 2023 . The image on the rear of Tin Can was a NASA photo of astronaut John Glenn.

Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. dons his silver Mercury pressure suit in preparation for launch of Mercury Atlas 6 (MA-6) rocket. Januari 20, 1962. Photo: NASA.

About Friendship 7 and Mercury-Atlas 6

The Mercury-Atlas 6 mission, conducted by NASA on February 20 1962, was piloted by astronaut John Glenn, who performed three orbits of the Earth, making him the first U.S. astronaut to orbit the Earth. It reestablished NASA and the US as strong contenders in the space race with the Soviet Union. The USSR had launched Sputnik, the first spacecraft, in 1957, and Yuri Gagarin was the first human in space in 1961. After Glenn’s flight the space race shifted its focus towards the Moon.
(source: wikipedia.org/wiki/Friendship_7)

Image above: Glenn Suits-Up for Launch [1962]
photo by NASA. ‘Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. dons his silver Mercury pressure suit in preparation for launch. On February 20, 1962 Glenn lifted off into space aboard his Mercury Atlas (MA-6) rocket and became the first American to orbit the Earth. After orbiting the Earth 3 times, Friendship 7 landed in the Atlantic Ocean 4 hours, 55 minutes and 23 seconds later, just East of Grand Turk Island in the Bahamas. Glenn and his capsule were recovered by the Navy Destroyer Noa,
21 minutes after splashdown.’
(source NASA: grin.hq.nasa.gov/…GPN-2000-001027)

Video: Friendship 7, Full Mission, over 5 hours worth of original video and audio.
Credit: Lunarmodule5





More ‘space junk’:


Catalina

index of sculptures 1988 to 2023

Catalina (Flying Boat)

2002
Bas-relief in salvaged wood #13, 370 x 92 x 20cm.
Private collection, Wassenaar, Netherlands.

Hans Sonnenberg taking notes. Delta Booth, Art Rotterdam, 2005.





These works were part of the Mobility exhibition at gallery Delta in 2003: